Rewriting The Scriptdialectical Behavioral Training

Training is regarded as a one-time event and not as an ongoing need. Little or no support is given from upper management. How to Make Your Training Program Succeed. Set specific training goals with a committee that includes top management. Align training goals directly with the company’s strategic and financial goals. What behavioral objectives are NOT: a. Verbs that describe feelings, emotions, thoughts or similar things are not behavioral, because they are not observable or measurable. Verbs in this category include 'appreciate, believe, know, learn, realize, think, understand', and so on. Steer clear of these types of words when writing your objectives.

Awareness and Commitment Therapy-based training is a great way to teach employees to be more aware, reduce accidents and take ownership of their safety culture.

Research shows that workplace stress and distracted employees are very common, and often lead to unsafe actions, employee absences, and job-related illnesses. While most safety programs focus on training, engineering controls, and procedures, few employers address internal employee factors, such as thoughts, attentiveness, and personal values. Thus workplace safety tends to be solely managed by use of external agents, without considering mental barriers or internal motivations of workers.

A balanced safety program seeks to integrate both internal and external factors through combining traditional safety management systems with behavioral science techniques.

One such behavioral science tool — Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) — has a wide variety of applications, according to researcher and author, D. J. Moran, PhD, BCBA-D. ACT-based training uses acceptance and mindfulness strategies, as well as commitment to values to reinforce the safety culture.

The mindfulness (or connection to the present moment) incorporated by ACT techniques is vital to workplace safety, as many jobs or work tasks require full focus and concentration to prevent injury. Additionally, through ACT-based training, employees learn how to manage workplace stress and accept workplace safety as part of their personal values systems.

Training of the end users is one of the most important steps for a successful system implementation. The end users should be utilized during parallel testing, so training will need to be rolled out prior to that. Getting the end users involved at this point is also a good way to get them excited. May 29, 2016 We use LinkedIn to ensure that our users are real professionals who contribute and share reliable content. When you sign in with LinkedIn, you are granting access to your LinkedIn account, which is used to authenticate you without you having to enter a different user name and password. What behavioral objectives are NOT: a. Verbs that describe feelings, emotions, thoughts or similar things are not behavioral, because they are not observable or measurable. Verbs in this category include 'appreciate, believe, know, learn, realize, think, understand', and so on. Steer clear of these types of words when writing your objectives.

How to Implement the Program

Employers can leverage the fundamentals of ACT-based training by focusing on three main elements, according to Dr. Moran:

1. Mindfulness: The goal of mindfulness is to find meaningful ways for employees to stay in the moment and remain aware of surroundings while task focusing. Some companies have found offering yoga, t’ai chi or meditation classes have been beneficial, while other organizations use brief mental exercises designed to teach the fundamental aspects of remaining present in the moment.

Mindfulness exercises train workers to continually refocus when distractions occur and concentrate purposely on the task at hand. When mindfulness is practiced regularly, employees are less likely to be overwhelmed or distracted by stress, noisy environments or intrusive personal thoughts.

2. Values Clarifications: In The Mindful and Effective Employee: An Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Training Manual for Improving Well-Being and PerformanceInstall macos big sur on vmware. , the authors define values as “the personal strengths or qualities a person most wants to express in his or her goals and daily patterns of action.” This is powerful for workplace applications.

Reframing safety from a compliance objective to a personal value can greatly improve workers’ outlook and behavior. Safety transforms from a requirement to a necessary and valued individual strength, and employees are more likely to adhere to values they hold dear. In demonstrating the power of values to actions, Boundless Management states, “Values influence behavior because people emulate the conduct they hold valuable.”

Through training discussions, EHS can guide workers to consider the qualities they would most like to be known for and link those with safe workplace conduct.

3. Acceptance: Not all stress can be avoided on the job. In fact, some stress comes with leading a productive life. The goal for EHS is to help employees recognize that stressors exist and that the feelings generated by stress are acceptable.

Roundtable discussions about stressful events at work and employee sharing forums can help workers understand and accept certain job-related stressors. Irate customers and production downtimes are more easily managed if employees can feel free to admit the emotions that come with these events.


Organizations that use internal and external focus toward implementing workplace changes can achieve great benefits through reduced employee stress, increased awareness of workers’ actions and surroundings, and better job performance.

How Do You Talk About Safety Culture?

Grainger is rewriting the conversation in our new white paper, “How We Should Talk About Safety Culture.” This white paper gives safety leaders strategies to make real change.


By Zainab Fazal, M.ADS, BCBA

bSci21 Contributing Writer

On June 22, 2015, I received a phone call from a staff at a local residential home serving adults with developmental disabilities. With a lot of excitement, she asked if I watched NBC Dateline the night before. Before I could answer, in even more excitement, she said, “that guy did that strategy you were talking about in class!”

Let me give you a little insight into what she was talking about. She was referring to the segment on NBC Dateline called “My kid would never do that: gun safety”, and the guy was Dr. Raymond Miltenberger.You can check out the segment here.

If you teach anyone, anything, behavior analysis has a secret to share with you. It’s the strategy the staff was talking about – Behavior Skills Training (BST). It is a method to teach students, staff, parents, and anyone else you are teaching a new skill. Dr. Miltenberger defines BST as “a procedure consisting of instruction, modeling, behavioral rehearsal, and feedback that is used to teach new behaviors or skills” (2004, p. 558). And that’s exactly what it is, a 4-step teaching strategy that works!

BST teaches a person what to do — that is, what behaviors to engage in under a particular circumstance.It allows for practice within the program so that the person can become fluent with the skills.It is an effective train-the-trainer procedure. And perhaps most importantly, can be individualized to each person. Sounds pretty good, doesn’t it?

Let’s break down each of the steps:

Instruction – Provide a description of the skill, its importance or rationale, and when and when not to use the skill. Repeat this step as necessary.

Modeling – Show your participant how to perform the skill. In-vivo modeling is recommended.

Rewriting The Script Dialectical Behavioral Training Template

Rehearsal – Practice, practice, and practice! Allow the participant opportunities to practice the skill. Recent research suggests that participants should be able to practice in-situ. The trainer should record data on correct and incorrect responding during this step.

Feedback – The trainer should provide positive praise for correct responding and some form of corrective feedback for incorrect responses.

Some requirements before you can implement a BST program include: the person receiving the training must have the pre-requisite skills required for the behaviors you are teaching, the skill must include a chain of behaviors (a number of skills), and you must be able to role-play or video model the skills.

In a Registered Behavior Technician training course I was providing, I used BST to teach various skills to participants. Any skill I was teaching that met the afore-mentioned requirements I taught using BST. Based on the feedback forms from eight cohorts, participants reported that they enjoyed and learned the most when they got to practice the skills being taught, and got immediate feedback.

Here’s an example of how it was used in the training. The skill was implementing preference assessments with clients.

Instructions were provided on why preference assessments are done, when and with whom to do them, how to use the data sheet, the materials required, and how to complete the assessment.

I modeled completing a preference assessment, using one of the course participants as my “client.”

Participants paired up and practiced administering the preference assessment with their colleagues.Participants were able to practice the skill as each preference assessment included 30 trials!


I went to each group and provided feedback on what each person was doing correctly and incorrectly.

What have been your experiences with Behavior Skills Training? Let us know in the comments below. Also, be sure to subscribe to bSci21 via email to receive the latest articles directly to your inbox!

Recommended Readings:

Johnson, B.M., Miltenberger, R.G., Egemo-Helm, K., Jostad, C. J., Flessner, C., & Gatheridge, B. (2005). Evaluation of behavioural skills training for teaching abduction-prevention skills to young children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 38, 67-78.

Miles, N.I., & Wilder, D.A. (2009). The effects of behavioral skills trainingon caregiver implementation of guided compliance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42(2), 405-410.

Miltenberger, R. (2004). Behaviour Modification: principals and procedure (3rd ed.) Belmont, CA. Wadsworth Publishing.

Miltenberger, R.G., Flessner, C., Batheridge, B., Johnson, B., Satterlund, M., & Egemo, K. (2004). Evaluation of behavioural skills training procedures to prevent gun play in children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 37, 513-516.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Workbook Pdf

Steward, K.K., Carr, J.E., & LeBlanc, L.A. (2007). Evaluation of family-implemented behavioural skills training for teaching social skills to a child with asperger’s disorder. Clinical Case Studies, 6, 252-262.

Zainab Fazal, M.ADS, BCBA, began her career in the developmental disabilities field in 2002, and has dedicated her clinical work and research in the area of Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA). She has worked for many years in assessing and developing comprehensive programs plans for children, youth, and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), learning disabilities, other developmental disabilities, behavioural challenges and mental health issues. Her recent work includes training front-line staff and teachers to use ABA in therapeutic and school settings, and has successfully trained individuals for the Registered Behaviour Technician credential with the Behaviour Analyst Certification Board. She is also an adjunct professor at Seneca College teaching ABA courses in the Behavioural Sciences program. Zainab is the founder and director of Phoenix Behaviour Services, a private practice in Toronto, Canada. You can follow her on twitter @Phoenix_ABA and reach her at [email protected]